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African Migrations
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 301

African Migrations

Spurred by major changes in the world economy and in local ecology, the contemporary migration of Africans, both within the continent and to various destinations in Europe and North America, has seriously affected thousands of lives and livelihoods. The contributors to this volume, reflecting a variety of disciplinary perspectives, examine the causes and consequences of this new migration. The essays cover topics such as rural-urban migration into African cities, transnational migration, and the experience of immigrants abroad, as well as the issues surrounding migrant identity and how Africans re-create community and strive to maintain ethnic, gender, national, and religious ties to their former homes.

Medicine, Mobility, and Power in Global Africa
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 358

Medicine, Mobility, and Power in Global Africa

Recent political, social, and economic changes in Africa have provoked radical shifts in the landscape of health and healthcare. Medicine, Mobility, and Power in Global Africa captures the multiple dynamics of a globalized world and its impact on medicine, health, and the delivery of healthcare in Africa--and beyond. Essays by an international group of contributors take on intractable problems such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, and insufficient access to healthcare, drugs, resources, hospitals, and technologies. The movements of people and resources described here expose the growing challenges of poverty and public health, but they also show how new opportunities have been created for transforming healthcare and promoting care and healing.

Tontines, caisses de solidarité et banquiers ambulants
  • Language: fr
  • Pages: 249

Tontines, caisses de solidarité et banquiers ambulants

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2010
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  • Publisher: L'Harmattan

Des femmes au foyer de Thilogne et de Pikine Médina Gounasse, aux travailleurs des banques commerciales dakaroises en passant par les petits et grands commerçants des marchés et les émigrés sénégalais vivant en France, la tontine, à l'image du caméléon, change pour s'adapter aux moyens et aux besoins des participants. La diversité de la participation rejoint naturellement celles des motivations et des finalités. Les motivations d'ordre psychologique ou social recoupent les préoccupations de nature purement économique et financière. Les désirs d'accumulation côtoient les obligations sociales de la redistribution. Les besoins de consommations, d'investissement, de prévoyance et de prestige social s'accordent intimement dans une même mélodie dialectique. La question demeure de savoir comment la tontine parvient à combiner tout cela en même temps et être un lieu de symbiose entre traditions et modernité, réciprocité et marché, continuité et innovation, etc.

Intermediaries, Interpreters, and Clerks
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 332

Intermediaries, Interpreters, and Clerks

As a young man in South Africa, Nelson Mandela aspired to be an interpreter or clerk, noting in his autobiography that “a career as a civil servant was a glittering prize for an African.” Africans in the lower echelons of colonial bureaucracy often held positions of little official authority, but in practice these positions were lynchpins of colonial rule. As the primary intermediaries among European colonial officials, African chiefs, and subject populations, these civil servants could manipulate the intersections of power, authority, and knowledge at the center of colonial society. By uncovering the role of such men (and a few women) in the construction, function, and legal apparatus of colonial states, the essays in this volume highlight a new perspective. They offer important insights on hegemony, collaboration, and resistance, structures and changes in colonial rule, the role of language and education, the production of knowledge and expertise in colonial settings, and the impact of colonization in dividing African societies by gender, race, status, and class.

FAO Meeting on Public Policies Affecting Forest Fires
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 369
The Divine Flood
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 331

The Divine Flood

Until recently, academic studies of Sufism have largely ignored the multiple ways in which Islamic mystical ideas and practices have developed in the modern period. For many specialists, Sufism was "on the way out" and not compatible with modernity. The present study of a twentieth-century Sufi revival in West Africa offers critical corrections to this misconception. Seesemann's work revolves around the emergence and spread of the "Community of the Divine Flood," established in 1929 by Ibrahim Niasse, a leader of the Tijaniyya Sufi order from Senegal. Based on a wide variety of written sources and encounters with leaders and ordinary members of the movement, the book analyzes the teachings a...

Medicine, Mobility, and Power in Global Africa
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 358

Medicine, Mobility, and Power in Global Africa

Recent political, social, and economic changes in Africa have provoked radical shifts in the landscape of health and healthcare. Medicine, Mobility, and Power in Global Africa captures the multiple dynamics of a globalized world and its impact on medicine, health, and the delivery of healthcare in Africa--and beyond. Essays by an international group of contributors take on intractable problems such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, and insufficient access to healthcare, drugs, resources, hospitals, and technologies. The movements of people and resources described here expose the growing challenges of poverty and public health, but they also show how new opportunities have been created for transforming healthcare and promoting care and healing.

Conception et caractérisation d'un microcontacteur à film tombant
  • Language: fr
  • Pages: 212

Conception et caractérisation d'un microcontacteur à film tombant

  • Type: Book
  • -
  • Published: 2010
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  • Publisher: Unknown

Il est démontré que dans de nombreux procédés de transformation de la matière, les dégradations entropiques (et les consommations énergétiques qui en découlent) peuvent être minimisées en répartissant les flux d'énergies dans le volume plutôt qu'aux bornes du système (exemple de la distillation diabatique). Cependant la réalisation et la gestion de profils thermiques contrôlés (tels que des gradients thermiques et des étagements de température maîtrisés) dans les appareils compactes ne sont pas très souvent réalisées parce que souvent complexes et coûteuses (batterie d'échangeurs, gestion des fluides). Cette difficulté technologique affecte non seulement les perfo...

Cheikh Hamidou Kane, L'Aventure ambiguë
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 92

Cheikh Hamidou Kane, L'Aventure ambiguë

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2000
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  • Publisher: Unknown

None

Money and Violence
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 192

Money and Violence

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2007
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  • Publisher: BRILL

This ethnography reveals how, faced with violence, economic insecurity, and volatile relations, Xhosa migrants in Cape Town, South Africa, establish burial societies and credit groups. It examines the urban poor's day-to-day struggles over money in post-apartheid South Africa.