Environmental Fluid Mechanics provides comprehensive coverage of a combination of basic fluid principles and their application in a number of different situations-exploring fluid motions on the earth's surface, underground, and in oceans-detailing the use of physical and numerical models and modern computational approaches for the analysis of environmental processes. Environmental Fluid Mechanics covers novel scaling methods for a variety of environmental issues; equations of motion for boundary layers; hydraulic characteristics of open channel flow; surface and internal wave theory; the advection diffusion equation; sediment and associated contaminant transport in lakes and streams; mixed layer modeling in lakes; remediation; transport processes at the air/water interface; and more.
This first volume of a specialty 2-volume work contains 34 papers pertaining to the natural behaviour of diverse geomaterials found in different parts of the world. Each paper is organized along the outline: location and distribution, engineering geology, composition, state and index properties, structure, engineering properties, quality / reliability of data with reference to methods of sampling and testing, and relation to engineering problems. This extensive body of collated knowledge is integrated by three overview papers covering engineering geology, mechanical behaviour and engineering implications. Topics: Overview papers; Marine clays; Eastuarine Clays; Lacustrine clays; Stiff clays; Sands and other cohesionless soils; Residual and other tropical Soils; Weak rock.
The main body of the first volume is taken up by five major keynote papers written by a team of international experts, that survey the enormous advances that have taken place in geotechnical engineering since Skempton's pioneering early work. The second volume contains more than 80 articles that report recent research and advances in practice from around the world. The papers focus on the broad range of geotechnical issues, that most interested Professor Skempton, and are grouped under the headings of: - Soil behaviour, characterisation and modelling - Foundations - Slopes and embankments - Ground performance - The influence of geology on civil engineering.