Drying is fundamental step in the maufacture of many foods. Although its primary function is to remove appropriate quantities of moisture it is, in many cases, also responsible for imparting the characteristic qualities that distinguish one product from another. This book provides a fundamental understanding of moisture transport in the drying of foods and of the physical and chemical changes that occur during drying. A comprehensive description and assessment of the different types of dryers available to the industry are given and factors effecting the operation, control and selection of dryers are described. The combination of practical information supported by relevant theory makes this an essential volume for industrial food engineers, those involved in equipment manufacture, process plant design and new product development in all food sectors where dried foods are used. It will also be of interest to academic researchers in this aspect of food engineering.
This text and reference discusses the drying of grains, in particular the staple cereals, maize, rice, and wheat, and the oilseeds, soybeans and canola. The basic physical and thermodynamic properties of grain and air are examined, and the theory of the drying process is developed. Design of the optimum operating conditions for on-farm and off-farm dryers are presented. The book is written as an engineering text, but should also prove beneficial to all who are interested in the proper drying and storage of grains. Examples and problems are given in both S.I. and Imperial units.
Offers careful evaluations of the advantages, limitations, and key features of all the major dryers in use today. Provides a systems approach so that the dryer may be logically integrated into pre- and postdrying operations. Second Edition covers new developments and novel techniques; presents emerging drying technologies; furnishes new information on infrared drying, impinging stream techniques, cost estimation, safety, and energy; and more.
By far the most commonly encountered and energy-intensive unit operation in almost all industrial sectors, industrial drying continues to attract the interest of scientists, researchers, and engineers. The Handbook of Industrial Drying, Fourth Edition not only delivers a comprehensive treatment of the current state of the art, but also serves as a consultative reference for streamlining industrial drying operations. New to the Fourth Edition: Computational fluid dynamic simulation Solar, impingement, and pulse combustion drying Drying of fruits, vegetables, sugar, biomass, and coal Physicochemical aspects of sludge drying Life-cycle assessment of drying systems Covering commonly encountered dryers as well as innovative dryers with future potential, the Handbook of Industrial Drying, Fourth Edition not only details the latest developments in the field, but also explains how improvements in dryer design and operation can increase energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness.
This book provides recent advances in research on drying of particulate and porous materials. It is based on a selection of papers presented at the XI Polish Drying Symposium 2005. The contributions cover theoretical, as well as experimental and modeling research on heat and mass transfer processes during drying of porous material and fluidized beds. The book is a pioneering contribution to the science and technology of drying of particulate solids.
Drying grain is necessary for proper storage, handling and processing; the methods used for drying grain have an important influence on quality and the overall economics of the process. This book provides all the tools needed for effective grain drying, inculding mathematical theory, tabulated data on the physical and thermal properties of grains, and more.
Drying is by far the most useful large scale operation method of keeping solid foods safe for long periods of time, and is of fundamental importance in most sectors of food processing. Drying operations need to be precisely controlled and optimized in order to produce a good quality product that has the highest level of nutrient retention and flavor whilst maintaining microbial safety. This volume provides an up to date account of all the major drying technologies employed in the food industry and their underlying scientific principles and effects. Various equipment designs are classified and described. The impact of drying on food properties is covered, and the micro-structural changes caus...