In the United States, the critical task of preserving our plant genetic resources is the responsibility of the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS). NPGS undergoes a thorough analysis in this book, which offers wide-ranging recommendations for equipping the agency to better meet U.S. needs--and lead international conservation efforts. The book outlines the importance and status of plant genetic conservation and evaluates NPGS's multifaceted operations. Two options for revamping NPGS within the U.S. Department of Agriculture are included.
Seeds for economically important crops are big business indeed. As large seed companies continue to improve their product in various ways, they make use of the original gene pools of these plants, often located in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. With increasing recognition that plant germplasm is an important raw material, highly charged international disputes have developed over the exchange and use of this material, adding another point of contention between poor nations and the manufacturing wealthier ones. Twenty experts from several nations, representing both the natural and social sciences, consider the historical background, the issue of patent rights as applied to plant germplasm, the nature of global genetic interdependence, the internationalization of the seed industry, the implications of biotechnology on genetic resources, the Third World attitude toward the debate, and the viewpoints of the International Agricultural Research Centers.
Strategies for the collection and improvement of tropical forages; Preparation for collection trip; Germoplasm collection in the field; Description of the collection site; Soil sample collection and procedures; Collection of strains of rhizobium; Collection and preservation of insects and pathogenic organims; Characterization and preliminary evaluation; Transfer of forage germplasm; Preservation of forage germplasm; Data management of forage germplasm.
Excerpt from Germplasm Resources Information Network: Third Revision, October 5, 1984 Plant germplasm is the raw material required by plant breeders for the development of new, superior crop varieties that can ensure a stable, plentiful supply of high quality food, feed and fiber. Most of the plants from which the United States derives its food and fiber were introduced from other countries. The list of economically important native plants is very short and includes sunflowers, cranberries, blueberries, strawberries, pecans, hops, range grasses, conifers, and. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com Th...